What is COVID-19?
As stated by the World Health Organization, Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered of these viruses causes COVID-19.
The virus is transmitted through droplets of moisture – such as coughing or sneezing. Current evidence suggests the main way the virus spreads is by respiratory droplets among people who are in close contact with each other. Aerosol transmission can occur, particularly in indoor, crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces.
The following are things everyone should do:
- Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds using soap and water.
- Use alcohol-based hand rubs to clean hands if they are not visibly soiled.
- Do not touch your face,eyes or mouth with unwashed hands.
- Cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough with a disposable tissue or the crease of your elbow.
- Avoid non-essential international travel.
- Stay at home when you are sick.
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